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General instructions

Bioscience Explained is an on-line journal covering a wide range of modern biological science. The primary audience for Bioscience Explained is teachers of biology students in the 10–19 age range. Many resources in the journal are intended to be used directly in the classroom or school laboratory.

The journal publishes four main types of articles:

Please note that the journal does not accept educational research papers. Authors wishing to publish such material are advised to consider submission to the Journal of Biological Education.

These pages tell you how to submit a paper to the Journal, how your submission will be reviewed, and the Journal's requirements for different types of papers.

On-line publication in Bioscience Explained give you several advantages:

  • figures and photographs can be in full-colour;
  • articles can incorporate video clips and animation;
  • it is possible to include Web links to associated resources,
  • updates and amendments.

The Journal's web site will provide information about how frequently your paper has been downloaded and other relevant details. To protect readers' confidentiality however, Bioscience Explained will not publish details of those individuals or organisations that have accessed its site.

Because Bioscience Explained is published on the the web, its readership is more international than that of many journals and you should bear this in mind when writing.

Authors should show sensitivity with respect to gender, racial and cultural issues.

Another important consideration is that your work will be unfamiliar to many readers. Where necessary, the context in which developments take place and their wider implications should be described.

Papers must be original and should not have been published elsewhere.

Bioscience Explained is produced jointly by the universities of Göteborg (Sweden) and Reading (United Kingdom). Most materials will be translated into both English and Swedish. Papers may be submitted in either language.


No abstract is required for Bioscience Explained articles. However, a short descriptive title of no more than 150 characters (including spaces) is required. This will not appear in the article, but will be used in a 'Description' Meta tag of a corresponding Web page, and will thus be the text recovered by Internet search engines.


Authors are encouraged to submit a list of keywords; up to 950 characters (including spaces) may be used. Like the short description, they will not appear in the article, but will be used in the Adobe Acrobat (PDF) file and corresponding Web page(s). The keywords may be edited by the Bioscience Explained editorial staff.


The use of footnotes is discouraged; all relevant material should be included in the main body of the text.


Glossaries should not be used. If an article uses technical terms that are likely to be unfamiliar to readers, they should be defined and explained in the article, in context. However, where an English article is not translated into Swedish, Bioscience Explained editorial staff may compile word lists to help Swedish readers.


Up to 20 sources of additional information may be referred to. References to relevant Web sites are encouraged. These should be listed alongside the other references. In the body of the text, please insert numbers in square brackets to denote a reference. References should then be listed in numerical order in the references section (Bioscience Explained staff will insert hyperlinks and adjust the page layout as necessary). The following styles should be adopted for references:


Jones, K.L. and Strömberg, E. (1987) How to remove the stones from fresh olives. Culinary Review 10 (5) 125-127.

i.e., the full title of the paper and journal must be given.


Jones, K.L. (1999) First aid for olive de-stoners. Athens: Kalamata Press. ISBN: 0 123 4567 0 Z.

Strömberg, E. (2001) The breakdown of olive stones on rubbish tips. In Oleaceous Research, (Second edition) ed. Jones, K.L. pp. 174-182. Athens: Kalamata Press. ISBN: 0 123 4567 1 4.

i.e., the edition of the publication should be mentioned where the work is not the first edition, and ISBNs should be included.

Web sites

Olive-lovers' News

i.e., the title of the Web site should be given. Where URLs are likely to change frequently, the main (home) page of the site should be referred to.

Units, symbols and nomenclature

The International System of Units (SI) should generally be used throughout. Volume, however, presents particular problems. Although cm3 and dm3 are sometimes preferred in schools, these should not be used in Bioscience Explained. The units millilitre and litre are preferred, using the abbreviations ml and l. Similarly, µl should be used.

Please note: as the symbol µ often defaults to m in electronic documents, authors may wish to spell out units in words or use, for example, cm3, where confusion may arise between ml and µl. These will be replaced by the appropriate abbreviations in the published document.

Full stops (periods) should not be used after unit symbols.

Where units are referred to in the text with no specific quantity attached they should be spelt out in words e.g., nanograms.


Uncommon abbreviations must be defined when first used, with the abbreviation in parenthesis e.g., Association for Science Education (ASE).

Chemical names

For chemical names the rules of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) should be followed. Please note that these often require that American English spelling should be used e.g., sulfur; aluminum.

If desired, the common current name may be included in parentheses after the recommended name e.g., ethanal (acetaldehyde).


To avoid confusion, Enzyme Commission codes may be used when appropriate, together with the name of the enzyme e.g., Endo-polygalacturonase (EC

As the SI unit for enzyme activity (the katal) is seldom used, authors may use other units, but they must ensure that these are adequately defined.

Decimals and thousands

The point (.) should be used to denote decimals, not the comma. For thousands, a space should be left e.g., 3 000.

Submission of papers and data formats

Papers may be written in English or Swedish. British English spelling is preferred, except for chemical names (see above).

Documents for publication should be sent to the editor:

Dr Elisabeth Strömberg
Zoologiska Institutionen
Göteborgs universitet
Box 463
405 30 Göteborg
T : +46(0)31-773 3625
F : +46(0)31-773 3807
E : elisabeth.stromberg@zool.gu.se

Covering note

Each paper submitted for publication must be accompanied by a covering note giving:
a short title for the paper
a sub-title that clearly describes the paper's content in no more than 150 characters, including spaces (this will be used in the 'Description' Meta tag of a Web page, and as such will be the text recovered by internet search engines).
the name(s), affiliation(s), address(es), e-mail address(es), fax and telephone number(s) of the author(s). The author to whom correspondence should be addressed should be indicated.


Text should be submitted in one of the following electronic forms:

  • Microsoft Word 6
  • Plain text (ASCII)
  • Rich text format (RTF)

The main body of text should not generally exceed approximately 3 000 words.

Illustrations etc.

All illustrations, tables and graphs should be numbered consecutively, with an indication in the text as to where they should be positioned. Full captions for figures should be included in the text. Where appropriate, figures should include a scale bar rather than an indication of the magnification i.e., please do not write x 10.

Graphs and line illustrations will usually be re-drawn by Bioscience Explained staff in a style consistent with that of the Journal.

Authors are requested to submit illustrations and figures in high-resolution JPEG or TIFF format (scan images at 300 dpi). To aid re-drawing, sketches and graphs must clearly show the important features and/or data to be included.

Please note: where it is not possible to include tables in the text or word-processed file submitted, JPEG or TIFF images of the tables are acceptable.


Photographs (colour or black-and-white) should be scanned at a maximum resolution of 300 dpi and no less than 100 dpi. They must be submitted in high resolution JPEG or TIFF format. Line drawings are preferred to poor-quality photographs. Authors may be asked to resubmit images that are not of a sufficiently high standard. Where labels are required on a photograph, please indicate this in a note accompanying the picture or on an additional copy (e.g., a photocopy) of the image.

Other images

These include computer-generated molecular models or screen shots of computer software. They may be submitted as EPS, PDF, JPEG, PICT, GIF, BMP or PCX files. If you are unsure of the format to use, please contact the editorial office for advice.

Short video clips

Video recordings can be used to show key techniques, processes, living organisms or concepts that it would be difficult or impossible to depict by still images and/or written descriptions alone. Video clips will be converted to QuickTime format, and compressed to 20 Mb or less for distribution via the Internet. Some details will therefore be lost and the frame size will be reduced (to 320 x 240 pixels or smaller). These video clips will therefore not be suitable for all purposes.

Clips should not exceed 3 minutes in duration and should be submitted on VHS video tapes in PAL or NTSC format. Other formats may be acceptable on occasion (Mini DV digital video cassette is ideal) – the editorial office should be contacted should you require clarification. For ease of downloading, the soundtrack on the tape may not be incorporated into the final QuickTime video. You should therefore provide a short written commentary to accompany the video clip of no more than 500 words.


When papers are accepted by the Journal, authors will be asked to assign the copyright to the Journal. The Journal is then responsible for dealing with requests for reprinting or copying and protecting the authors' rights.

Materials published in Bioscience Explained are usually made available free-of-charge for non profit-making use. At a future date we may issue a compilation of the Journal's articles e.g., in print or on CD-ROM, for which a charge may be made.

Authors must obtain written permission to use in their articles any material that has been published elsewhere, and must include in their typescript any acknowledgements that have been requested by the source. Photocopies of letters granting permission should be sent to the editorial office of Bioscience Explained.

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Page Manager: Sven Toresson|Last update: 7/13/2016

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