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Fungi

The fungal collection at Herbarium GB has about 100 000 specimens. The majority are basidiomycetes from the Nordic countries, and only a minor part is ascomycetes. About two thirds of the collection constitutes wood decaying corticioid and bracket fungi, while the rest are primarily cap fungi and other groups within the Agaricales.

Mycologists at University of Gothenburg

John Eriksson (1921–1995) completed his PhD at Uppsala University in 1958. His thesis dealt with the diversity and systematics of corticioid and bracket fungi collected in Muddus National Park in northern Sweden. He came to University of Gothenburg in 1961 and soon built up a research group. Together with Leif Ryvarden (University of Oslo), he started Corticiaceae of North Europe, a series of eight book volumes for determination of corticioid fungi that was published from 1972 to 1988. Kurt Hjortstam and Karl-Henrik Larsson are co-authors on the last volumes. John Eriksson has described 16 new genera and 55 new species, and has made 199 new combinations.

Kurt Hjortstam (1933–2009) was an amateur botanist who was inspired by John Eriksson to study corticioid fungi. Kurt Hjortstam quickly developed a deep knowledge on corticioid fungi, not only from northern Europe but also from tropical South America and Africa. He was hired by the University of Gothenburg to participate in the publishing of Corticiaceae of North Europe for a few years in the 1990s. After that, he worked for a shorter period as curator at Kew's herbarium in London. He was one of the world’s leading corticiologists, and described 54 new genera and 181 new species.

Nils Hallenberg (b. 1947) is one of John Eriksson's students, and he defended his thesis in 1981 on wood-inhabiting fungi of Iran. Later, he developed a culture collection of wood decaying fungi and conducted mating tests to study species limits. Part of the culture collection has been deposited at Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute (CBS-KNAW) in the Netherlands, but the basidiomata from which the cultures were isolated are preserved at Herbarium GB. Nils Hallenberg was also interested in problems related to mould and rot in houses. In collaboration with SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden (now RISE), he started the consulting company “Applied Wood Mycology”.

Karl-Henrik Larsson (b. 1948) is also a student of John Eriksson's, and he collaborated closely with Kurt Hjortstam for many years. Karl-Henrik Larsson defended his PhD thesis on the genus Trechispora in 1992. After his dissertation, he continued to study corticioid fungi from all over the world using morphological and molecular data. His phylogenetic analyses based on DNA data has contributed to the understanding of the relationships among the basidiomycetes. Currently, he is professor at the University of Oslo and in charge of the fungal collections at the Natural History Museum.

Stig Jacobsson (b. 1938) defended his PhD thesis on the genus Pholiota at University of Gothenburg in 1992. He has developed a considerable general knowledge of Agaricales, and has to a large extent contributed to the fungal collection at Herbarium GB. In addition to the genus Pholiota, he is especially interested in the genera Russula, Hygrophorus, and Inocybe. Stig Jacobsson has also worked with identification of mould and wood-rotting fungi in houses.

Important donations to Herbarium GB

Tore Nathorst-Windahl (1886–1972) was director of the Gothenburg Botanical Garden from 1916 to 1951. He became known as a mycologist when he participated in the fungal exhibitions arranged by the local daily newspaper, and he was one of the founders of Gothenburg Mushroom Club in 1965. Tore Nathorst-Windahl has contributed with more than 2 300 fungi to our herbarium.

Filip Karlvall (1891–1971) has contributed with about 9 500 specimens of fungi to Herbarium GB. He was co-founder of Gothenburg Mushroom Club in 1965.

Leif and Anita Stridvall made many thorough inventories of mushrooms in the forests of western Sweden from the 1980s and onwards, and in 2010 they donated their unique collection of ca 7 500 specimens to Herbarium GB.

Västgötabergens Mushroom Society donated their collection to Herbarium GB in 2015. They had for many years built up their own herbarium of plants and fungi (including lichens) to document species occurring in the limestone-rich areas around Skövde, Falköping, Gullspång, and Kinnekulle. The collection comprises some 3 000 specimens.

Inocybe leucoblema

Hygrocybe laeta

Mushroom collecting

Page Manager: Sven Toresson|Last update: 11/27/2017
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